Aaj ke digital daur mein, computer software hamari takneekiy duniya ka zindagi kaar hai. Yeh hai woh cheez jo hamare computers, smartphones, aur beinteha doosre devices ko kaarigar banati hai. Is article mein hum computer software ke do mukhya qisamoon par gaur karenge aur unke ehmiyat par roshni daalenge.

What are the two main types of computer software?


Computer Software Ki Tafseel

Computer software ke qisamoon ko explore karne se pehle, aik asal tanqeedi takhliq par chalen. Computer software ek aisa majmooa hai jo programs, data, aur hukmataat ko shamil karta hai jo computer ko makhsoos kamon ko anjam dene mein madadgar hota hai. Yeh woh anjazia hai jo hardware ko chalati hai, is liye yeh har computer system ka ahem hissa hai.


Computer Software Ki Qisam

Computer software ko do mukhya qisamoon mein taqseem kiya ja sakta hai: system software aur application software.


  • System Software

System software computer ke operation ka bunyadi hissa hota hai. Ismein operating system, device drivers, aur utility programs shamil hote hain. Iski karkardagiyon par aik qareebi nazar dalte hain:


  • Operating System (OS): 

OS hardware wasail ko manage karta hai aur doosre software ko run karne ke liye aik platform faraham karta hai. Mashhoor operating systems ke namunay Microsoft Windows, macOS, aur Linux shamil hain.


  • Device Drivers: 

Ye software components hain jo hardware aur operating system ke darmiyan ta’alluq ko asaan banate hain. Yeh yakeenan karte hain ke devices jaise printers, graphics cards, aur sound cards beqaidgi se kaam karen.


  • Utility Programs: 

Utility programs computer system ko barqarar rakhne aur optimize karne ke liye mukhtalif tools faraham karte hain. Inmein disk cleanup, antivirus software, aur backup tools shamil ho sakte hain.


Application Software

Application software end-users ke liye tayyar kiya jata hai aur khaas maqsadat ki khidmat karta hai. System software ke mukhalif, iska computer ke chalne ke liye zaroori nahi hota, lekin yeh users ko mukhtalif kamon ko anjam dene mein madadgar hota hai. Neeche kuch application software ki qisamain di gayi hain:


  • Word Processing Software: 

Microsoft Word aur Google Docs jaise programs documents create aur edit karne ke liye istemal hote hain.


  • Spreadsheet Software: 

Excel aur Google Sheets data ko tabular form mein handle karne ke liye mashhoor hain.


  • Graphic Design Software: 

Adobe Photoshop aur CorelDRAW jaise tools graphics aur visual content banane mein madadgar hain.


  • Web Browsers: 

Chrome, Firefox, aur Safari web browsers ke namunay hain jo users ko internet explore karne ki ijaazat dete hain.


System aur Application Software Ke Darmiyan Ahem Farq

System aur application software ke darmiyan buniyadi farq in ke maqsad mein hota hai. System software computer ke chalne ke liye zaroori hota hai, jabke application software users par mawajood hota hai. System software hardware aur system resources ko manage karta hai, yaad rakhne ke liye ke applications beqaidgi se chalein.


Computer Software Ki Taareekh

Computer software ki taareekh aik dilchasp safar hai jo hamari zindagi aur kaam karne ka tariqa tabdeel kar chuka hai. Yeh sab kuch basic machine code se shuru hua tha aur mukhtalif programming languages ke tajwez se tabdeel ho gaya. Computer software ki taareekh programming languages ki tashkil se mazbooti se juri hui hai.


Programming Languages Ki Kirdar

Programming languages software development ki bunyad hain. Yeh developers ko computers ke sath baat cheet karne ke liye wasila faraham karte hain. Aam tor par istemal hone wali programming languages mein C++, Java, aur Python shamil hain, har aik apni khusoosiyat aur istemalat ke sath.


Computer Software Ki Jamhoriyat Par Asar

Computer software ka jamhoriyat par asar sab se zyada ahem hai. Is ne mukhtalif sectors ko inqilab dia hai aur hamari zindagi ko zyada efraat se aur jurat se bhar dia hai.

What are the two main types of computer software?


Mukhtalif Sectors Mein Software Ke Namunay

  • Healthcare: 

Electronic health records aur diagnostic software ne patient care aur data management ko behtar banaya hai.


  • Education: 

Taleemi software ne taleem ko tabdeel kar dia hai, use mazeed interactive aur moassir banaya hai.


  • Finance: 

Mali software mushkil calculations, trading, aur online banking ko handle karte hain.


  • Entertainment: 

Video games, streaming platforms, aur video editing software naye tarah ke tafreeh aur creativity ke zariye pesh kiye hain.


Mukhtasar Muhawara

Ikhtitam mein, computer software hamari digital duniya ka aik jadid aur ahem hissa hai. System software hamare devices ko chalata hai, jabke application software hamari productivity aur creativity ko behtar banata hai. Programming languages ki tashkil ne software ki tashkil ko phailaya hai, jis se ise mukhtalif industries mein istemal kiya ja raha hai.

FAQs

  • System software ka asal maqsad kya hai?

System software ka asal maqsad hardware resources ko manage karna aur doosre software ko run karne ke liye aik platform faraham karna hai.


  • Application software system software se kis tarah mukhtalif hota hai?

Application software user-focused hota hai aur mukhtalif maqsadat ki khidmat karta hai, jabke system software computer ke chalne ke liye ahem hota hai.


  • Software development mein istemal hone wali kuch programming languages ke namunay kya hain?

Aam programming languages mein C++, Java, aur Python shamil hain, har aik apni khusoosiyat aur istemalat ke sath.


  • Computer software ne healthcare sector par kis tarah asar dala hai?

Computer software ne electronic health records aur diagnostic tools ke zariye healthcare ko behtar banaya hai, jis se patient care aur data management mein izafa hua hai.


  • Taleemi software ke kuch namunay kya hain?

Taleemi software interactive learning platforms, digital textbooks, aur educators ke liye engaging content banane ke liye tools shamil karte hain.

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